- THC oil comes in a variety of forms
- Butane Hash Oil (BHO) refers to a concentrated cannabis extract made with butane gas
- BHO comes in two forms: shatter and wax
- BHO can contain up to 90% THC
- Rick Simpson Hemp Oil is another popular type of cannabis extract
More and more marijuana users are embracing cannabis extracts, commonly known as THC oil. Still, others might not be so familiar with the complicated world of concentrates and extracts.
Names such as concentrates, extracts and oils are often used to describe THC oil. Although somewhat confusing, they simply describe potent cannabis oils used for vaporizing and dabbing. Some types of oils can be used to make edibles or even be taken alone as a tincture.
There are many extraction processes used to extract the highly concentrated THC oil from the cannabis plant. Extracting THC oil is a dangerous process and should never be attempted at home.
A great deal of experience, knowhow and care goes into extracting oil — from selecting solvent materials to purging and storing.
Types of Oil
Under the umbrella of THC oil includes BHO (butane hash oil), shatter and wax – which are achieved through the extraction process. And, while it may seem like there is a huge difference between each, really it just comes down to how they are made.
It’s important to note that cannabis concentrates are extremely strong, usually at least double the potency of herb.
BHO, specifically, may test as high as 80 percent or more in THC. That’s why concentrates are sometimes referred to as dabs, meaning only a small dab is needed.
Butane Hash Oil (BHO)
BHO, the most common cannabis extract, is widely consumed for dabbing and vaporizing and may go by names such as wax or shatter.
Butane is used to extract the essential oils from cannabis. It’s then evaporated and purged from the product, leaving behind a wax that remains sticky or hardens into shatter.
Due to its high concentration of THC, BHO is often used for treating chronic pain. BHO can test anywhere between 60 to 90 percent THC, which makes it the strongest concentrate on the mainstream market.
But, it’s important to make sure your THC oil is tested for purity and does not contain traces of butane.
Shatter vs. Wax
Shatter is solid and transparent, like amber-colored glass, and smooth in texture. While shatter tests higher in THC than wax, the taste and aroma is somewhat diminished due to the process involved. Shatter does last longer and is more stable than wax, but is often difficult to handle.
Wax, while also solid, is opaque and has a soft texture. In fact, the term wax is used to describe a variety of soft and solid textures. Consistency ranges from crumbs to flakes to sticky thick chunks that actually resemble earwax.
Gooier waxes are often called “budder.” Harder waxes with soft, brittle textures may be called “crumble” or “honeycomb.” Wax is easier to handle than shatter but is often less stable and doesn’t last as long.
While wax generally has lower THC content than shatter, some wax concentrates can have very high THC percentages.
Rick Simpson Hemp Oil
In 2003, Rick Simpson was diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma skin cancer. Before his diagnosis, he had been ingesting THC oil orally for medicinal purposes.
So, he decided to treat his skin cancer by applying his homemade THC oil directly onto the lesions under bandages. After four days, he removed his bandages, and to his amazement, the lesions were gone.
So began Rick Simpson’s journey to spread the word about his miraculous cannabis-oil that cures cancer. Unfortunately, his journey also included battling the medical community, law enforcement and the legal system.
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO), also known as Phoenix Tears, is made by dissolving cannabis in pure alcohol and can be administered orally or topically. RSO is thought to treat certain cancers and skin disorders.