TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com Medical Marijuana & Cannabis News, Facts, Research Mon, 21 Mar 2016 15:57:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.5 Indica vs. Sativa: What’s the Difference? http://www.truthonpot.com/2016/03/14/indica-vs-sativa-whats-the-difference/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=indica-vs-sativa-whats-the-difference http://www.truthonpot.com/2016/03/14/indica-vs-sativa-whats-the-difference/#comments Mon, 14 Mar 2016 22:17:16 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=12261 Cannabis has two main species, indica and sativa, each with their own unique characteristics and a distinctive high. Anyone who uses marijuana likely knows that there are various strains available with different benefits and effects. Yet, what some novice users may not know is the role that indica and sativa play. Learn the difference between [...]

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Photo via DeviantArt

Photo via DeviantArt

Cannabis has two main species, indica and sativa, each with their own unique characteristics and a distinctive high.

Anyone who uses marijuana likely knows that there are various strains available with different benefits and effects. Yet, what some novice users may not know is the role that indica and sativa play.

Learn the difference between these two types of cannabis — it could open your world to brand new strains.

Origin of Strains

Many experts debate whether cannabis is one species of plant, or two or three. Yet, most agree that the plant originates from the central Asian regions of Mongolia and southern Siberia.

In 1753, a biologist by the name of Carl Linnaeus identified Cannabis sativa as a single species. Thirty-two years later, in 1785, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck described a second species from India. Because its characteristics were unlike Cannabis sativa, he named the new species Cannabis indica. Today, sativa and indica are accepted as the two major subtypes of cannabis.

Sativa seems to thrive in the warmer equatorial climates, such as Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Southeast Asia. Indica grows better in the cooler temperatures and high altitude of the Hindu Kush mountain range, including regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Morocco, Nepal and Turkey.

Unique Characteristics

The most accurate way of identifying whether a plant is sativa or indica is by physical appearance.

indica-vs-sativa-appearance

  • Sativa plants are typically tall and thin and can grow upwards of 20 feet tall. Indicas are short and bushy, reaching a growing height of only 2 to 4 feet.
  • Sativas grow long branches and sprout narrow leaves that are typically light green in color. Indicas have fewer, shorter branches with wide leaves that are darker in color.
  • Sativas take longer to mature and are usually harvested between 10 to 16 weeks. Indicas mature in a shorter time span and are generally harvested between 6 to 8 weeks.

Effects

Sativa and indica strains each have their own unique high. While sativa strains are more stimulating, indicas tend to be more psychoactive.

A feeling of well-being and ease is often associated with sativas, making them ideal for social situations. The high from sativa strains is energizing, cerebral and well suited for daytime use. They are also said to promote deep conversation and enhance creativity.

Indica strains, on the other hand, have an opposite effect. They provide a “couch-lock” body high that is well suited for nights when you just want to wind down and be in your own head. Indicas are often used to relieve stress and aid with sleep.

Medical Benefits

Sativas have a high CBD:THC ratio, while indicas have a high THC:CBD ratio. Naturally, both have their own medicinal benefits.

Due to its high CBD content, sativas have a stimulating effect that improves alertness and optimism. So, patients may prefer to medicate with sativa during the day.

Sativa is commonly used to treat mental and behavioral issues such as depression and ADHD. Because it is so stimulating, sativa may also help encourage hunger in patients who suffer from anorexia or certain types of cancer.

The higher levels of THC give indica strains sedative properties, making them ideal for medicating during the evening.

Indica is commonly used to treat insomnia, chronic pain, muscle spasms and nausea. Indica may also be useful for fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis or lupus.

Hybrids

indica-vs-sativa-hybrids

And then there are hybrids, which are crossbreeds between sativa and indica. Today, there is a wide range of strains available with characteristics from each species. Some hybrids contain a 50/50 mix, providing an all over, head and body high. Other hybrids are dominated by either sativa or indica.

For instance, a sativa-dominant hybrid might provide a stimulating celebral high while still relaxing the body. And an indica-dominant hybrid might provide a sedated high without actually putting you to sleep. Still, benefits and effect may vary according to the strain and each user’s biochemistry.

You might prefer a sativa high, indica high or a little bit of both. In any case, knowing the difference between indica and sativa will definitely steer you in the right direction next time you visit the dispensary.

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What is THC Oil? http://www.truthonpot.com/2016/02/26/what-is-thc-oil/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=what-is-thc-oil http://www.truthonpot.com/2016/02/26/what-is-thc-oil/#comments Fri, 26 Feb 2016 18:18:15 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=12225 More and more marijuana users are embracing cannabis extracts, commonly known as THC oil. Still, others might not be so familiar with the complicated world of concentrates and extracts. Names such as concentrates, extracts and oils are often used to describe THC oil. Although somewhat confusing, they simply describe potent cannabis oils used for vaporizing [...]

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Summary (click to view)

  • THC oil comes in a variety of forms
  • Butane Hash Oil (BHO) refers to a concentrated cannabis extract made with butane gas
  • BHO comes in two forms: shatter and wax
  • BHO can contain up to 90% THC
  • Rick Simpson Hemp Oil is another popular type of cannabis extract
  • More and more marijuana users are embracing cannabis extracts, commonly known as THC oil. Still, others might not be so familiar with the complicated world of concentrates and extracts.

    Names such as concentrates, extracts and oils are often used to describe THC oil. Although somewhat confusing, they simply describe potent cannabis oils used for vaporizing and dabbing. Some types of oils can be used to make edibles or even be taken alone as a tincture.

    There are many extraction processes used to extract the highly concentrated THC oil from the cannabis plant. Extracting THC oil is a dangerous process and should never be attempted at home.

    A great deal of experience, knowhow and care goes into extracting oil — from selecting solvent materials to purging and storing.

    Types of Oil

    Photo via Flickr

    Photo via Flickr

    Under the umbrella of THC oil includes BHO (butane hash oil), shatter and wax – which are achieved through the extraction process. And, while it may seem like there is a huge difference between each, really it just comes down to how they are made.

    It’s important to note that cannabis concentrates are extremely strong, usually at least double the potency of herb.

    BHO, specifically, may test as high as 80 percent or more in THC. That’s why concentrates are sometimes referred to as dabs, meaning only a small dab is needed.

    Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

    BHO, the most common cannabis extract, is widely consumed for dabbing and vaporizing and may go by names such as wax or shatter.

    Butane is used to extract the essential oils from cannabis. It’s then evaporated and purged from the product, leaving behind a wax that remains sticky or hardens into shatter.

    Due to its high concentration of THC, BHO is often used for treating chronic pain. BHO can test anywhere between 60 to 90 percent THC, which makes it the strongest concentrate on the mainstream market.

    But, it’s important to make sure your THC oil is tested for purity and does not contain traces of butane.

    Shatter vs. Wax

    Photo via Flickr

    Photo via Flickr


    Shatter is solid and transparent, like amber-colored glass, and smooth in texture. While shatter tests higher in THC than wax, the taste and aroma is somewhat diminished due to the process involved. Shatter does last longer and is more stable than wax, but is often difficult to handle.

    Wax, while also solid, is opaque and has a soft texture. In fact, the term wax is used to describe a variety of soft and solid textures. Consistency ranges from crumbs to flakes to sticky thick chunks that actually resemble earwax.

    Gooier waxes are often called “budder.” Harder waxes with soft, brittle textures may be called “crumble” or “honeycomb.” Wax is easier to handle than shatter but is often less stable and doesn’t last as long.

    While wax generally has lower THC content than shatter, some wax concentrates can have very high THC percentages.

    Rick Simpson Hemp Oil

    In 2003, Rick Simpson was diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma skin cancer. Before his diagnosis, he had been ingesting THC oil orally for medicinal purposes.

    Photo via Youtube

    Photo via Youtube

    So, he decided to treat his skin cancer by applying his homemade THC oil directly onto the lesions under bandages. After four days, he removed his bandages, and to his amazement, the lesions were gone.

    So began Rick Simpson’s journey to spread the word about his miraculous cannabis-oil that cures cancer. Unfortunately, his journey also included battling the medical community, law enforcement and the legal system.

    Rick Simpson Oil (RSO), also known as Phoenix Tears, is made by dissolving cannabis in pure alcohol and can be administered orally or topically. RSO is thought to treat certain cancers and skin disorders.

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    Marijuana Bongs: What You Should Know http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/10/26/marijuana-bongs/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=marijuana-bongs http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/10/26/marijuana-bongs/#comments Sun, 26 Oct 2014 15:11:58 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=12085 When it comes to consuming marijuana, there are a number of different options. Though marijuana can be eaten or vaporized, many still rely on smoking as a method of ingestion. Water pipes, also known as bongs, happen to be a popular type of smoking device. What is a Bong/Water Pipe? Bongs work by passing smoke [...]

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    Summary (click to view)

  • Bongs are a type of smoking device that filters smoke through water
  • Studies show bongs can eliminate some of the harmful substances in marijuana smoke
  • Bongs are likely not as effective as vaporizers at preventing lung problems
  • Overall, research on the use of bongs is limited
  • When it comes to consuming marijuana, there are a number of different options.

    Though marijuana can be eaten or vaporized, many still rely on smoking as a method of ingestion. Water pipes, also known as bongs, happen to be a popular type of smoking device.

    What is a Bong/Water Pipe?

    marijuana-bongBongs work by passing smoke through water, thus removing various toxins and particulate matter that you might otherwise inhale.

    Studies suggest that water filtration can be an effective way of reducing exposure to the cancer-causing compounds in smoke. Water also helps to cool the smoke, making it easier to inhale without irritating the airways.

    Bongs come in a wide range of shapes and sizes. They can be made from a variety of materials, including glass, acrylic, bamboo, or ceramic.

    Entry-level bongs can be bought for as little as $10, whereas premium models can cost upwards of $1000.

    Benefits of Water Pipes

    Like with smoking any substance, burning marijuana produces a mixture of harmful compounds, many of which are linked to cancer. These include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), such as benzopyrene, which are also found in tobacco smoke.

    While studies involving marijuana are rare, studies involving tobacco have found that water pipes can trap as much as 90% of certain toxins.

    What’s more, a 1991 study found that passing marijuana smoke through water removed substances called cytotoxins, which are known to impair immune cells. This suggests that water filtration may be beneficial for smokers with immunodeficiencies, such as patients with HIV/AIDS.

    Bongs are also relatively easy to use and maintain compared to more technologically-advanced devices such as vaporizers.

    Drawbacks of Water Pipes

    One drawback of filtered devices like bongs is that they seem to trap more THC than unfiltered devices.

    A 1999 study found that water pipes produced smoke with a lower cannabinoid:tar ratio than unfiltered joints. Specifically, water pipes seem to eliminate more tar than joints, but more THC as well. As a result, some believe that water filtration may be less efficient than other methods of smoking.

    Even though water pipes seem to fare better than regular pipes at filtering smoke, they are likely not as useful as vaporizers when it comes to protecting the lungs. Vaporizers are able to avoid combustion altogether by heating marijuana at a cooler temperature.

    Regardless of what device is used, marijuana smoke has been shown to irritate the airways; in some cases, this can lead to mild lung problems such as chronic bronchitis.

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    5 Differences Between CBD and THC http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/09/24/5-differences-between-cbd-vs-thc/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=5-differences-between-cbd-vs-thc http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/09/24/5-differences-between-cbd-vs-thc/#comments Wed, 24 Sep 2014 17:46:58 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11931 Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two main ingredients in the marijuana plant. Both CBD and THC belong to a unique class of compounds known as cannabinoids. While many strains of marijuana are known for having abundant levels of THC, high-CBD strains are less common. But CBD has recently started to draw attention from [...]

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    Image via Wikimedia Commons

    Photo via Wikimedia Commons

    Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two main ingredients in the marijuana plant. Both CBD and THC belong to a unique class of compounds known as cannabinoids.

    While many strains of marijuana are known for having abundant levels of THC, high-CBD strains are less common. But CBD has recently started to draw attention from the medical community, who seem to prefer CBD over THC. Here, we explain the differences between these two compounds.

    1) The High

    THC is probably best known for being the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. CBD, however, is non-psychoactive. In other words, CBD can’t get you high. While disappointing to recreational users, this unique feature of CBD is what makes it so appealing as a medicine.

    Doctors usually prefer treatments with minimal side effects, which has been a major barrier to the acceptance of medical marijuana. Likewise, CBD has been used to treat younger children with various ailments.

    2) Anxiety

    THC is known to cause some people to feel anxious or paranoid. But CBD is believed to have the opposite effect. In fact, studies show that CBD works to counteract the anxiety caused by ingesting THC. A number of studies also suggest that CBD can reduce anxiety when administered on its own.

    3) Antipsychotic

    In addition to being non-psychoactive, CBD seems to have antipsychotic properties. Researchers believe that CBD may protect marijuana users from getting too high by reducing the psychosis-like effects of THC. However, regulating the mind-altering activity of THC isn’t all that CBD is good for. On its own, CBD is being tested as an antipsychotic medicine for people with schizophrenia.

    4) Sleep

    One of the most common uses of marijuana is as a sleep aid. THC is believed to be responsible for most of marijuana’s sleep-inducing effects. On the other hand, studies suggest CBD acts to promote wakefulness, making CBD a poor choice as a sleep medicine. The opposite effects of CBD and THC on sleep may explain why some strains of cannabis cause users to feel drowsy while others are known to boost energy.

    5) Legal Status

    While most countries have strict laws surrounding marijuana and THC, the legal status of CBD is less clear. In the United States, CBD is technically illegal since it is classified as a Schedule I drug under federal law. A pharmaceutical form of CBD, called Epidiolex, was only recently cleared by the FDA to be tested in children with severe epilepsy.

    On the other hand, CBD is found in hemp, which can be legally imported and sold in the U.S. Some companies have taken advantage of this loophole by importing high-CBD hemp extracts from other countries where hemp is produced.

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    How Does A Vaporizer Work? http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/07/27/how-does-a-vaporizer-work/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=how-does-a-vaporizer-work http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/07/27/how-does-a-vaporizer-work/#comments Sun, 27 Jul 2014 16:24:08 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11635 Vaporizers have become a popular alternative to traditional ways of smoking cannabis. But what exactly is a vaporizer and how does it work? Vaporizers come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some are large, plug-in devices meant to be used at home. Others are mini, battery-powered units meant to be used on the go. [...]

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    Summary (click to view)

  • Vaporizers come in many shapes and sizes
  • Vaporizers heat cannabis at a lower temperature than burning
  • Vaporizers produce a gas that contains marijuana’s ingredients minus the harmful by-products of smoke
  • Most experts agree that vaporizing is healthier than smoking
  • how-vaporizer-workVaporizers have become a popular alternative to traditional ways of smoking cannabis. But what exactly is a vaporizer and how does it work?

    Vaporizers come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some are large, plug-in devices meant to be used at home. Others are mini, battery-powered units meant to be used on the go. However, the primary function of all vaporizers is the same.

    Vaporizers work by heating marijuana at a cooler temperature than required for burning (combustion). The temperature of vaporization is around 200°C or 392°F. At this temperature, the active ingredients in marijuana are converted into a gas or vapor.

    The end result is a smokeless, inhalable vapor that contains marijuana’s active ingredients but not the harmful chemicals usually found in smoke. Some vaporizers rely on plastic balloons to hold the vapor, while others allow users to inhale directly from the unit.

    Vaporizers are commonly designed for dry herbal material, but some can be used with liquids and concentrates as well.

    Benefits of Vaporizing

    Burning marijuana releases harmful by-products and tar similar to what is found in tobacco smoke. In the case of marijuana, this can lead to respiratory problems such as chronic bronchitis.

    Studies suggest using a vaporizer can help smokers avoid exposure to these by-products and their negative effects. What’s more, the vapor that is produced usually contains a higher concentration of marijuana’s active ingredients, which makes vaporizing more efficient than smoking.

    Vaporizers are also more versatile, making them easy to use outside of the home. Compared to smoke, the vapor that is produced is lighter, purer and less detectable to others nearby.

    Drawbacks of Vaporizing

    Vaporizing comes with some drawbacks as well. For one, not many studies have been done on the health impact of vaporizers, meaning that little is known about their long-term effects.

    Another drawback is their appeal to non-smokers. Critics argue that the availability of vaporizers may lead more people to use cannabis who would otherwise be turned off by the idea of smoking.

    Overall though, most experts seem to agree that vaporizing is a safer and healthier alternative to smoking.

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    Side Effects of Marijuana: An Overview http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/07/03/the-side-effects-of-marijuana/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=the-side-effects-of-marijuana http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/07/03/the-side-effects-of-marijuana/#comments Thu, 03 Jul 2014 18:58:59 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11499 Marijuana is commonly believed to be a safe drug due to the lack of overdose risk. But all drugs affect the body in some way or another, and research shows that marijuana is no different. While the overall impact of cannabis is relatively minor, studies suggest users can be at risk of a number of [...]

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    Summary (click to view)

  • Marijuana can cause a number of short-term and long-term side effects
  • Short-term effects usually last for 1-2 hours
  • Frequent use may have long-term impact on cognition and mood, but research is inconclusive
  • Photo source

    Photo via Flickr

    Marijuana is commonly believed to be a safe drug due to the lack of overdose risk. But all drugs affect the body in some way or another, and research shows that marijuana is no different.

    While the overall impact of cannabis is relatively minor, studies suggest users can be at risk of a number of short and long-term side effects.

    The short-term effects of marijuana usually last for only 1-2 hours, beginning from when the drug is ingested. Depending on the individual, these may include:

  • red eyes
  • dry mouth
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • increased heart rate
  • psychosis
  •  
    In addition, those who use marijuana frequently may experience the following long-term effects.

    Anxiety/Paranoia

    Feeling anxious or paranoid is one of the most common adverse effects of marijuana. Many report having panic attacks or bouts of anxiety after using cannabis, especially when taken in high doses. Studies confirm that marijuana acts on a region of the brain responsible for fear known as the amygdala.

    Interestingly enough, marijuana has also been shown to reduce anxiety. Studies suggest that THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) – marijuana’s active ingredient – may have a ‘biphasic’ effect depending on dose. This refers to the fact that THC seems to reduce anxiety in low doses while increasing anxiety at higher doses.

    Some strains of marijuana contain another compound called CBD (cannabidiol), which has more consistent anti-anxiety effects than THC.

    Depression

    Many studies have linked marijuana use to depression. Indeed, depression is more common among cannabis users compared to the general population. However, users of marijuana report that it has anti-depressant effects and animal studies seem to support this belief.

    Overall, it remains unclear whether marijuana use leads to depression or whether depressed individuals are more likely to turn to marijuana for relief.

    Memory Problems

    A number of studies suggest that marijuana use may negatively impact cognitive function by interfering with memory. The most noticeable effect seems to be on short-term memory, although long-term memory is affected as well.

    On the other hand, some studies suggest that memory and overall cognitive performance will return to normal levels after marijuana use is stopped.

    IQ Loss

    The effect of marijuana on IQ is widely debated, but a few studies have reported a link between marijuana use and a decrease in IQ.

    One study, published in 2013, followed 1,000 people from birth to late adulthood and found that marijuana use was associated with an average 8-point drop in IQ. However, a following report published in the scientific journal Nature concluded that there is still not enough evidence to know whether marijuana can cause a drop in IQ.

    Lung Symptoms

    Marijuana can be taken in a variety of ways, but smoking is one of the most common.

    Unlike tobacco, studies have failed to demonstrate a link between marijuana and lung cancer. Likewise, the largest study so far on cannabis smoking revealed no impact on lung function, even among the heaviest users.

    Still, experts warn that smoking marijuana can deposit tar and irritate the airways, which may lead to minor respiratory problems like chronic bronchitis. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis include a persistent cough and increased phlegm production. The use of a vaporizer may help avoid these issues.

    Addiction/Dependence

    Marijuana use, like all recreational drugs, can lead to addiction. It is estimated that about 9% of marijuana users become addicted to the drug at some point. Compared to common substances like alcohol and tobacco, the rate of marijuana addiction is relatively low.

    Marijuana addiction or dependence is characterized by the development of a tolerance and the experience of withdrawal symptoms. In other words, frequent marijuana users may find themselves needing more of the drug to achieve the desired effects and may experience difficulty when trying to quit.

    Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal include irritability, anxiety, insomnia, decreased appetite and depression.

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    What is Dabbing? http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/07/02/what-is-dabbing/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=what-is-dabbing http://www.truthonpot.com/2014/07/02/what-is-dabbing/#comments Wed, 02 Jul 2014 15:43:55 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11412 Dabbing is a new way of ingesting cannabis that involves highly concentrated preparations, known as dabs or butane hash oil (BHO). These hard, wax-like concentrates are made by extracting THC — marijuana’s active ingredient — from cannabis through a process that uses butane gas as the solvent. Dabs can also be made with extraction methods [...]

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    Summary (click to view)

  • Dabbing is the process of ingesting cannabis concentrates called “dabs”
  • Dabs are made by extracting THC from marijuana and are smoked or vaporized using specific utensils
  • Dabs can contain up to 70-90% THC
  • The health effects of dabbing have not been studied
  • (Photo: Symic/Flickr)

    Photo via Flickr

    Dabbing is a new way of ingesting cannabis that involves highly concentrated preparations, known as dabs or butane hash oil (BHO).

    These hard, wax-like concentrates are made by extracting THC — marijuana’s active ingredient — from cannabis through a process that uses butane gas as the solvent. Dabs can also be made with extraction methods that involve CO2 or ice-water instead.

    Dabs are popular because they often contain up to 70-90% THC, which is much more than the typical cannabis flower. Dabs are sometimes called butane honey oil, budder, shatter or wax.

    How Does It Work?

    Dabs are usually smoked using a water pipe (bong) or vaporizer pen.

    When using a water pipe, a blowtorch is used to preheat the heating surface, which is referred to as a “nail”. The nail is usually made of titanium or glass. After the nail is heated, the concentrate is “dabbed” on the surface, resulting in a vapor that can be inhaled.

    What Are The Effects?

    Dabbing is popularly known as the most efficient way to get high. Due to the high concentration of THC, just a small amount of BHO is needed to achieve the desired effects. Because of this, some have referred to dabs as the “crack” of marijuana.

    Some say dabbing provides a different, more powerful high. Most dabbers are experienced marijuana users who have developed a tolerance to the effects of THC. Likewise, dabbing is believed to pose risks to novice users and is not recommended for those who smoke cannabis infrequently.

    Risks and Precautions

    The most well known risks of dabbing involve the process of making BHO. A number of accidents have occurred when people have tried making BHO at home. Because butane is highly flammable, improper production practices can lead to explosions and fires.

    On the other hand, the health effects of dabbing are not well documented. Since dabbing is so new, no study has investigated the health impact of dabbing. Still, a 2014 paper published by University of Albany researchers highlights a number of possible risks of dabbing, including a higher possibility of developing marijuana tolerance and withdrawal symptoms.

    Dabs are also at risk of being contaminated due to the largely unregulated industry of producing dabs. However, according to the National Institutes of Health, ingesting trace amounts of butane is not harmful to one’s health.

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    The Benefits of Vaporizing Cannabis http://www.truthonpot.com/2013/11/10/the-benefits-of-vaporizing-medical-cannabis/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=the-benefits-of-vaporizing-medical-cannabis http://www.truthonpot.com/2013/11/10/the-benefits-of-vaporizing-medical-cannabis/#comments Sun, 10 Nov 2013 11:16:11 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11368 Vaporizers may be more expensive than your traditional pipe or bong, but there are still a number of reasons why every marijuana user should consider these high-tech devices. When it comes to consuming marijuana, the options are vast. Besides rolling a joint, there are a range of pipes and marijuana bongs available on the market. [...]

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    (Photo: Vape Nation)

    (Photo: Vape Nation)

    Vaporizers may be more expensive than your traditional pipe or bong, but there are still a number of reasons why every marijuana user should consider these high-tech devices.

    When it comes to consuming marijuana, the options are vast. Besides rolling a joint, there are a range of pipes and marijuana bongs available on the market. Of course, cannabis can also be used to make various foods and drinks. Topicals and tinctures are popular among medical users as well.

    Yet many doctors stand by vaporizers as the ideal method of consuming marijuana. In fact, in Israel, where medical marijuana is legal, vaporizers can be found in hospitals and senior homes. The popular Volcano Medic Vaporizer is also an approved medical device in Canada and the EU.

    Here are some major reasons why vaporizers have become so popular among doctors and patients.

    Lung Health

    The effect of vaporizing on the lungs is perhaps the strongest argument for using a vaporizer.

    Doctors have long been wary about the use of marijuana as a medicine because of the potential risks of smoking anything. While it’s true that smoking marijuana has not been proven to cause lung cancer, the combustion of marijuana still produces several known carcinogens and tar, which can irritate the lungs and lead to chronic bronchitis.

    Vaporizers were mainly designed to overcome this issue. By heating marijuana at a lower temperature than combustion, the devices produce an inhalable vapor that still contains the active medical ingredients in marijuana (cannabinoids), but without the harmful by-products.

    Vaporizing cannabis is said to remove approximately 95% of the smoke that is inhaled. What’s more, vaporizing has been suggested to increase the yield of anti-inflammatory terpenoids that protect the lungs from irritation.

    Research also suggests that switching to a vaporizer can reverse respiratory symptoms caused by traditional methods of cannabis intake.

    Dosing Requirements

    Another advantage of vaporizers is the efficiency of converting plant matter into active cannabinoids.

    A collaborative study conducted by California NORML and MAPS found that vaporizers could convert 46% of available THC into vapor, whereas the average marijuana joint converted less than 25% of THC.

    Likewise, patients ranked vaporizers as the most efficient method of marijuana intake – requiring a lower dose than smoking, edibles and tea – in a recent study published in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

    So while vaporizers may be seen as a luxury to some, even the most thrifty marijuana users have realized that the higher efficiency of these devices can eventually offset their initial cost.

    Side Effects

    In the same patient study, vaporizers ranked highest in side effect satisfaction, meaning that patients felt most functional after vaporizing cannabis.

    While the study did not investigate specific side effects, some say that vaporizers produce a more clear-headed ‘high’ due to the lack of smoke inhaled. Cannabis vapor can also be inhaled in short and shallow puffs, whereas other smoking devices may require taking deeper and larger breaths, which can be uncomfortable for novice marijuana users.

    Of course, how one reacts to marijuana differs widely from person to person, so vaporizers may not be ideal for everyone. Ultimately, consulting with a healthcare professional and careful experimentation is the best way to figure out what method of marijuana intake is best for you.

    The post The Benefits of Vaporizing Cannabis appeared first on TruthOnPot.com.

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    Legalizing Marijuana Would Save England Over £1 Billion A Year: Study http://www.truthonpot.com/2013/09/16/legalizing-marijuana-would-save-england-over-1-billion-a-year-study/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=legalizing-marijuana-would-save-england-over-1-billion-a-year-study http://www.truthonpot.com/2013/09/16/legalizing-marijuana-would-save-england-over-1-billion-a-year-study/#comments Mon, 16 Sep 2013 16:12:08 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11286 TruthOnPot.com – A legal system for marijuana would generate up to £1.25 billion in taxes and savings for the government of England and Wales, according to a study published this week. The report, by the Institute for Social and Economic Research, was commissioned by the Beckley Foundation – a drug policy think tank – and [...]

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    A new study puts a number on the net benefit of legalizing marijuana in England for the first time

    A new study puts a number on the net benefit of legalizing marijuana in England for the first time. (Photo: Getty Images/The Telegraph)

    TruthOnPot.com – A legal system for marijuana would generate up to £1.25 billion in taxes and savings for the government of England and Wales, according to a study published this week.

    The report, by the Institute for Social and Economic Research, was commissioned by the Beckley Foundation – a drug policy think tank – and is the first to put a number on the net economic benefit of legalization in the country.

    Amanda Feilding, director of the Beckley Foundation, highlighted the failures – both in economic and health terms – of the current approach of prohibition.

    “In these times of economic crisis, it is essential to examine the possibilities of more cost-effective drug policy. Our present policies based on prohibition have proved to be a failure at every level. Users are not protected, it puts one of the biggest industries in the world in the hands of criminal cartels, it criminalises millions of users, casting a shadow over their future, and it creates violence and instability, particularly in producer and transit countries.”

    The report suggests that £200-£300 million a year of government spending would be saved in just policing, court and drug treatment costs.

    In addition, taxes on legal marijuana sales would be expected to generate between £0.4-£0.9 billion a year.

    The authors conclude with a recommendation for more research and a broader consideration for legalization that encompasses the positives – rather than just the negatives.

    The full report is available online at iser.essex.ac.uk

    The post Legalizing Marijuana Would Save England Over £1 Billion A Year: Study appeared first on TruthOnPot.com.

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    Marijuana May Reduce Brain Damage Caused By Alcohol: Study http://www.truthonpot.com/2013/09/12/marijuana-may-reduce-brain-damage-caused-by-alcohol-study/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=marijuana-may-reduce-brain-damage-caused-by-alcohol-study http://www.truthonpot.com/2013/09/12/marijuana-may-reduce-brain-damage-caused-by-alcohol-study/#comments Thu, 12 Sep 2013 18:37:43 +0000 TruthOnPot.com http://www.truthonpot.com/?p=11275 TruthOnPot.com – Too much alcohol can lead to permanent brain damage, but a new study suggests marijuana may be able to prevent this. Published last week in the journal Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, scientists from the University of Kentucky and University of Maryland concluded that a chemical in marijuana called cannabidiol (CBD) could be used [...]

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    Chemicals in marijuana have powerful antioxidant properties, which scientists believe can protect the brain from damage. (Photo: Addiction Treatment)

    Chemicals in marijuana have powerful antioxidant properties, which scientists believe can protect the brain from damage. (Photo: Addiction Treatment)

    TruthOnPot.com – Too much alcohol can lead to permanent brain damage, but a new study suggests marijuana may be able to prevent this.

    Published last week in the journal Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, scientists from the University of Kentucky and University of Maryland concluded that a chemical in marijuana called cannabidiol (CBD) could be used to ward off alcohol-induced brain damage.

    They hope the findings will bring them closer to developing a preventative treatment for patients suffering from alcoholism.

    “These results justify further preclinical development of transdermal CBD for the treatment of alcohol-induced neurodegeneration.”

    Like THC, CBD is another chemical found in marijuana – but CBD cannot get you high. However, both chemicals are strong antioxidants – a characteristic the authors believe to be responsible for reducing brain damage from alcohol.

    “It has been suggested that the neuroprotective effects of CBD observed during binge alcohol induced neurodegeneration are due to its high antioxidant capacity.”

    The authors also note that CBD acts as a stronger antioxidant than many well-known antioxidants – including BHT and α-tocopherol (vitamin E)

    In the new study, researchers tested CBD treatment on rat models using both a skin patch (transdermal) and regular needle injection (intraperitoneal). Both methods appeared to produce “similar magnitudes of neuroprotection” – approximately 50 per cent, according to their analysis.

    “Interestingly, this study showed that transdermal and IP [intraperitoneal] delivery of CBD produced similar magnitudes of neuroprotection.”

    Although further studies need to be done before human trials begin, the researchers state that – while treatments for alcoholism do exist – none have yet to target the neurodegenerative effects of alcohol.

    The neurodegenerative effects are believed to contribute to alcohol dependence by impairing behavioural control and decision making.

    Studies show about 8.5% of the U.S. population may be suffering from alcohol dependence, suggesting that many stand to benefit from this new potential treatment.

    The study was published ahead of print and received funding from the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation.

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